What is this medicine?
BACLOFEN (BAK loe fen) is a muscle relaxer. It is used to treat severe spasms.
How should I use this medicine?
This medicine is for injection into the space around the spinal cord. It can be given by a health care professional in a clinic or hospital setting. Patients can also have a pump implanted into their back for a continuous infusion.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 4 years old for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
changes in vision
feeling faint or lightheaded, falls
mood or mental changes
problems with balance, talking, walking
ringing or buzzing in the ears
trouble passing urine or change in the amount of urine
unusually nervous, restless
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
changes in taste
constipation or diarrhea
What may interact with this medicine?
medicines for depression, anxiety, and other mental conditions
medicines for pain like codeine, oxycodone, tramadol, and propoxyphene
medicines for sleep
other medicines injected in the spine like morphine
What if I miss a dose?
It is important to keep your appointments to have this medicine administered or to refill your pump. If you cannot make your appointment, contact your health care provider to make other arrangements.
Where should I keep my medicine?
This drug is given in a hospital or clinic and will not be stored at home.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
an unusual or allergic reaction to baclofen, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
What should I watch for while using this medicine?
Visit your doctor for regular check ups. Tell your doctor if your symptoms do not get better or if you get worse.
Do not suddenly stop taking your medicine. If you do, you may develop a severe reaction. Contact your health care provider immediately if you notice any problems with your catheter (especially if it becomes disconnected), low volume in the pump, or low battery level. If your doctor wants you to stop the medicine, the dose will be slowly lowered over time to avoid any side effects. Follow the advice of your doctor.
This medicine can affect blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, talk with your doctor or health care professional before you take the medicine.
You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. Do not stand or sit up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. This reduces the risk of dizzy or fainting spells. Alcohol may interfere with the effect of this medicine. Avoid alcoholic drinks.