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Didanosine Oral solution

What is this medicine?

DIDANOSINE, ddI (dye DAN oh seen) is an antiretroviral medicine. It is used with other medicines to treat HIV. This medicine is not a cure for HIV. It will not stop the spread of HIV to others.

How should I use this medicine?

Take this medicine by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or dropper to measure each dose. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Take this medicine on an empty stomach, at least 30 minutes before or 2 hours after food. Do not take with food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. For your anti-HIV therapy to work as well as possible, take each dose exactly as prescribed. Do not skip doses or stop your medicine even if you feel better. Skipping doses may make the HIV virus resistant to this medicine and other medicines. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 2 weeks old for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue

  • changes in vision

  • nausea, vomiting, unusual stomach upset or pain

  • tingling, pain or numbness in the hands or feet

  • unusual bleeding or bruising

  • unusually weak or tired

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • diarrhea

  • dry mouth or eyes

  • headache

  • heartburn or gas

  • loss of appetite

  • muscle pain

  • skin rash

  • weight gain around waist, back, or thinning of face, arms, legs

What may interact with this medicine?

Do not take this medicine with the following medication:

  • allopurinol

  • ribavirin

  • zalcitabine, ddC

This medicine may also interact with the following medications:

  • antacids

  • delavirdine

  • ganciclovir

  • hydroxyurea

  • indinavir

  • itraconazole

  • ketoconazole

  • methadone

  • some antibiotics like ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, tetracycline

  • stavudine, d4T

  • tenofovir

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, give it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

After this medicine is mixed by your pharmacist, store it in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away any unused medicine after 30 days.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • gout

  • if you frequently drink alcohol containing drinks

  • kidney disease

  • liver disease

  • pancreatitis

  • tingling or numbness in the hands or feet

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to didanosine, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

  • breast-feeding

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Discuss any new symptoms with your doctor. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.

HIV is spread to others through sexual or blood contact. Talk to your doctor about how to stop the spread of HIV.

Do not treat severe stomach pain, nausea or vomiting with over-the-counter medicines. Contact your doctor.

Alcohol can increase the risk of developing severe side effects when taken with this medicine. Avoid alcoholic drinks.