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Pilocarpine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic drops, solution

What is this medicine?

PILOCARPINE (PYE loe KAR peen) is used in the eye to decrease pressure in certain kinds of glaucoma. It is also used to prepare the eyes for surgery.

How should I use this medicine?

This medicine is only for use in the eye. Do not take by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Wash hands before and after use. With your middle finger, apply pressure to the inside corner of your eye for 1 to 2 minutes. Tilt your head back slightly and pull your lower eyelid down with your index finger to form a pouch. Try not to touch the tip of the dropper to your eye, fingertips, or other surface. Squeeze the prescribed number of drops into the pouch. Do not blink for 30 seconds. Close your eye gently for 1 to 2 minutes to spread the drops.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • eye irritation, burning, or itching

  • difficulty breathing

  • irregular heartbeat

  • nausea, vomiting

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • blurred vision

  • dizziness

  • headache

  • sensitivity of the eyes to light

  • weakness or tiredness

What may interact with this medicine?

  • atropine

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, use only that dose. Do not use double or extra doses.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of these conditions:

  • asthma, bronchitis

  • glaucoma

  • heart disease

  • inflammation or damage in the eye

  • wear contact lenses

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to pilocarpine, sulfites, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • breast-feeding

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

This medicine can make your vision blur. You may find it is difficult to see, especially at night. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that requires clear vision until you know how this medicine affects you. This medicine may make your eyes more sensitive to light. Wear dark glasses in bright sun, or under any bright lights.

Do not wear contact lenses while you are using this medicine.

You can get dehydrated if you sweat a lot while taking this medicine. Make sure you drink enough fluids in order to stay hydrated.