What is this medicine?
POTASSIUM CITRATE (poe TASS i um SI treyt) is a potassium salt. It helps to make the urine more alkaline or less acidic. This medicine is used to prevent kidney stones.
How should I use this medicine?
Take this medicine with a full glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Do not chew, crush or suck on the tablets. Take this medicine in an upright or sitting position. Drink a sip of water before taking the medicine to help you swallow it. Take this medicine with a meal or a snack. Take your doses at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
bloody, black, tarry stools
confused, dizzy, lightheaded, faint
irregular heartbeat, chest pain
numbness or tingling in hands or feet
pain on swallowing
unusual bleeding or bruising
unusually weak or tired
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
What may interact with this medicine?
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
histamine blockers for cold or allergy
medicines for bladder spasm like oxybutynin and tolterodine
medicines for movement abnormalities or Parkinson's disease
sodium polystyrene sulfonate
some medicines for the stomach like chlordiazepoxide and dicyclomine
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, or similar drugs
aspirin and aspirin-like drugs
NSAIDs, medicines for pain and inflammation, like ibuprofen or naproxen
some medicines for high blood pressure, heart problems, kidney protection
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
Where should I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Keep container closed tightly. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
heart damage, failure
stomach ulcers or other problems
urinary tract infection
an unusual or allergic reaction to potassium citrate, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
What should I watch for while using this medicine?
Visit your doctor or health care professional for regular check ups. Tell your doctor if you have trouble swallowing this medicine, or if it seems to stick in your throat. You will need to have important blood work done while on this medicine.
You may need to be on a special diet while taking this medicine. Ask your doctor. Also, ask how many glasses of fluid you need to drink a day. You must not get dehydrated.
You may see the shell of extended-release tablet in the stool. This is normal. The medicine from the tablet has been released.