What is this medicine?
SUMATRIPTAN (soo ma TRIP tan) is used to treat migraines with or without aura. An aura is a strange feeling or visual disturbance that warns you of an attack. It is not used to prevent migraines.
How should I use this medicine?
Take this medicine by mouth with a glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. This medicine is taken at the first symptoms of a migraine. It is not for everyday use. If your migraine headache returns after one dose, you can take another dose as directed. You must leave at least 2 hours between doses, and do not take more than 100 mg as a single dose. Do not take more than 200 mg total in any 24 hour period. If there is no improvement at all after the first dose, do not take a second dose without talking to your doctor or health care professional. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
changes in vision
chest or throat pain, tightness
fast, slow, or irregular heart beat
increased or decreased blood pressure
problems with balance, talking, walking
severe stomach pain and cramping, bloody diarrhea
tingling, pain, or numbness in the face, hands or feet
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
feeling warm, flushing, or redness of the face
muscle pain or cramps
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or stomach upset
weak or tired
What may interact with this medicine?
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medicines:
amphetamine or cocaine
dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, ergoloid mesylates, methysergide, or ergot-type medication - do not take within 24 hours of taking sumatriptan
MAOIs like Carbex, Eldepryl, Marplan, Nardil, and Parnate - do not take sumatriptan within 2 weeks of stopping MAOI therapy
other migraine medicines like almotriptan, eletriptan, naratriptan, rizatriptan, zolmitriptan - do not take within 24 hours of taking sumatriptan
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
medicines for mental depression, anxiety or mood problems
medicines for weight loss such as dexfenfluramine, dextroamphetamine, fenfluramine, or sibutramine
St. John's wort
What if I miss a dose?
This does not apply; this medicine is not for regular use.
Where should I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 2 and 30 degrees C (36 and 86 degrees F). Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
bowel disease or colitis
family history of heart disease
fast or irregular heart beat
heart or blood vessel disease, angina (chest pain), or previous heart attack
high blood pressure
history of stroke, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs or mini-strokes), or intracranial bleeding
kidney or liver disease
postmenopausal or surgical removal of uterus and ovaries
an unusual or allergic reaction to sumatriptan, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
What should I watch for while using this medicine?
Only take this medicine for a migraine headache. Take it if you get warning symptoms or at the start of a migraine attack. It is not for regular use to prevent migraine attacks.
You may get drowsy or dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs mental alertness until you know how this medicine affects you. To reduce dizzy or fainting spells, do not sit or stand up quickly, especially if you are an older patient. Alcohol can increase drowsiness, dizziness and flushing. Avoid alcoholic drinks.
Smoking cigarettes may increase the risk of heart-related side effects from using this medicine.