Many people turn to a medicated nasal decongestant spray to offer fast relief for a congested and running nose. It can reduce swelling and clear mucus from nasal passages quickly.
In fact, these products often work so well that people are tempted to use them for too long. If you use a medicated nasal spray for more than three days in a row, you may develop rebound rhinitis medicamentosa (RM) when you do stop using the spray. This condition can cause prolonged sinus congestion and even may damage your nasal passages over time.
RM can be quite uncomfortable, but using the nasal spray again helps you feel somewhat better. That’s why many people tend to keep using it, often more frequently and persistently. This creates a vicious cycle.
If you’re in this situation, ask your doctor for advice on how to taper off using the spray. He or she can help you find a safe way to deal with your congestion. And, ask your pharmacist about other options.
Nasal sprays that contain just saline are one alternative. They moisturize the nostrils and reduce the buildup of mucus and crusts with saline. Many oral over-the-counter decongestants may ease pressure in the nasal passages, but they don’t relieve a runny nose. They also can have side effects, such as lightheadedness and dizziness and may increase your blood pressure.
The American Academy of Pediatrics advises against using cold remedies for children. Cough and cold products are not effective in treating symptoms of children under six years old, and some serious health problems have been associated with use of these medications in children. For a stuffy nose, the AAP recommends the following:
Use saline nose drops to thin nasal mucus. Ask your pediatrician which ones to use. Never use nonprescription nose drops that contain any medicine.
Use a suction bulb to clear your baby's nose. First squeeze the bulb, then gently put the rubber tip into one nostril and slowly release the bulb. Gentle suction draws clogged mucus out of the nose. This works best for babies younger than 6 months of age.
A cool-mist humidifier in your child's room can helps to moisten the air and clear a child's nasal passages. Be sure to clean the humidifier often.