ASCUS (Abnormal Cells of Undetermined Significance):
some of the cells from the outer cervix (or vaginal wall) do not appear
normal. These changes can be caused by inflammation, infection,
radiation changes, vaginal thinning, or a very early sign of a cervical
cancer. Considered the least abnormal of pap smear results.
LSIL (Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion):
mildly abnormal cells are on only the surface layer of the cervix (or
vaginal wall). These changes are most often associated with Human
Papilloma Virus (HPV) but can be an early sign of a cervical cancer.
Considered a mild abnormality.
HSIL (High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion): a
severe abnormality that has a higher risk of developing into a cancer,
but this is not a cancer. These results often are associated with Human
AGUS (Atypical Glandular Cells of Undetermined
Significance): abnormal glandular cells found on the surface of your
cervix (or vaginal wall). Glandular cells are generally found inside the
lining of the cervix or uterus. If you have a history of endometrial
cancer, these changes are concerning for a recurrence.
Inadequate: there were not enough cells shed from
the cervix or vaginal wall for the pathologist to make a determination.
Unfortunately, this can happen for a variety of reasons, and there is no
way for the practitioner to tell if enough cells are present at the
time the pap smear is performed. This does not indicate any type of
abnormality, and is usually consistent with “negative.”