Knee Replacement

The diseased knee joint is removed and replaced with an artificial knee joint called a prosthesis. Knee prostheses are made of a combination of metal and plastic or metal and ceramic. The type of prosthesis used depends upon the condition of your ligaments and the area of the knee affected. The prosthesis has three major components used to replace the damaged knee joint. An incision approximately 10 inches long is usually necessary for this procedure.

The surgeon uses skin staples or sutures to close the wound. The skin staples or sutures will be removed in approximately 10 days. Other stitches under the skin will dissolve. An artificial joint will help you regain mobility as well as relieve the pain caused by your damaged joint. Your new knee, however, requires some special care.

Patient Education Review

Once you have made the decision to have joint replacement surgery, you will be scheduled by your physician to attend the patient education review. We have designed this 2 1/2- to 3-hour session to include patient education on joint replacement surgery as well as the clinical assessment--all in one visit. You will be personally assessed in a more intimate atmosphere and have the opportunity to ask specific questions about your situation. You are welcome to bring your spouse or other supportive family member.

The patient education review session includes:

  • Clinical nursing presentation on joint replacement
  • Physical therapy evaluation to establish individual rehabilitation goals
  • Surgery evaluation (pre-op testing)
  • Blood conservation consultation (as needed)
  • Registration for hospital stay and for surgery evaluation (pre-op testing)
  • Facility tour (as needed)


This new review session means that on the day of surgery there should be no last-minute red flags to delay the process. Taking care of all these details in one session creates a hassle-free experience for patients and their loved ones. In addition, we have developed a patient education binder filled with information for you and your family to help you prepare for surgery and recovery. We have tried to answer the most commonly asked patient questions.

Your physician may discuss adding or taking away some medications before surgery. You may be asked to lose weight, because extra weight puts additional stress on your new joint. You may also be asked to stop smoking.

For more information, please call the patient education nurse at (317) 338-BONE