A mammogram is an x-ray examination of the breast. It is used to detect breast disease in women who have breast problems such as a lump, pain, or nipple discharge, as well as for women who need routine screening.
In the past 15 years, technical advancements have greatly improved both the technique and results of mammography. Today, equipment specialized for breast x-raying makes high quality images with a very low radiation dose.
Types of mammograms include:
Mammography cannot prove that an abnormal area is cancer. If it does raise a valid concern, tissue will be removed for a biopsy. Tissue may be removed by needle or open surgical biopsy and examined under a microscope to determine if it is cancer.
What are the guidelines for having mammograms?