Screening and Testing for Breast Conditions
Doctors use physical examinations and imaging studies to locate and
diagnose breast abnormalities. To learn more about your condition, a
- Feel the characteristics of a suspected lump (texture, size, and relationship to the skin and chest muscles)
- Look for changes in the nipples or the skin of the breast
- Check lymph nodes under the arm and above the collarbones
- Request imaging tests, including diagnostic mammography to look for
masses and calcifications, or breast ultrasound to further evaluate
- Request a microscopic examination of any discharge other than breast milk from the nipples
- Request a ductogram x-ray of the nipples if there is discharge
- Request a biopsy of tissue removed from the suspicious area
Since imaging tests cannot always tell whether a lump is benign or
cancerous, a biopsy may be used to remove cells for diagnosis. These
- Fine needle aspiration: A very fine needle is guided into the suspicious area and a small sample of the tissue is removed.
- Core needle biopsy: A larger needle is guided into the lump to remove a small cylinder of tissue.
- Surgical biopsy: This surgical procedure is used to remove all or part of a lump.
To encourage women within the community to receive regular mammography screenings, we also provide a Mobile Mammography Unit offering the latest screening equipment and technology, delivered right to your company or retirement community’s door.